1 Corporate information
FMO was incorporated in 1970 as a public limited company with 51% of shares held by the Dutch State and 49% held by commercial banks, state unions and other members of the private sector. The company is located at Anna van Saksenlaan 71, The Hague, The Netherlands. FMO finances activities in developing countries to stimulate private sector development. In addition, FMO provides services in relation to government funds and programs.
Financing and investing activities
FMO is the Dutch entrepreneurial development bank. We support sustainable private sector growth in developing and emerging markets by investing in ambitious entrepreneurs. We specialize in sectors where our contribution can have the highest long-term impact: financial institutions, energy, and agribusiness.
FMO’s main activity consists of providing loans, guarantees and equity capital to the private sector in developing countries. Furthermore FMO offers institutional investors access to its expertise in responsible emerging market investing through its subsidiary FMO Investment Management B.V.
A part of the investment financing is guaranteed by the Dutch State under the Faciliteit Opkomende Markten (FOM), in which FMO itself participates as a 5% to 20% risk partner. Any losses to be claimed under the guarantee are reported under ‘Other receivables’.
We arrange syndicated loans by bringing together investors – commercial banks and other development finance institutions (DFIs) - with FMO structuring the financing. This enables us to provide our clients with increased access to finance and more diversified lending, while giving our financial partners efficient opportunities to enter new markets.
FMO also supports Dutch investments in emerging markets. Apart from focusing on Dutch companies, including SME’s investing abroad, FMO supports companies seeking trade finance for their exports to our markets when commercial financial products are not available.
Commercial fund management
FMO's subsidiary, FMO Investment Management B.V. (FMO IM), carries out portfolio management activities for third party investment funds, which are invested in FMO’s transactions in emerging and developing markets. Through these funds FMO IM offers investors access to our expertise in responsible emerging market investing.
Services concerning government and public funds
Apart from financing activities from its resources, FMO provides loans, guarantees, grants and equity capital from government funds, within the conditions and objectives of those funds. The funds consist of subsidies provided under the General Administrative Law Act regarding MASSIF, Access to Energy Fund (‘AEF’), Building Prospects (‘BP’), Capacity Development Program (‘CD’), Partnership Development Fund (‘PDF’), Development Accelerator (‘DA’), Fund Emerging Markets for Developing Countries (also called ‘FOM-OS’) and Dutch Fund for Climate and Development (‘DFCD’).
FMO incurs a risk in MASSIF as it has an equity share of 2.17% (2018: 2.17%). For the remaining interest in MASSIF, and the full risk in the other government funds, FMO has a contractual right and obligation to settle the results arising from the funds’ activities with the State. The State takes predominantly the economic risks in these funds. FMO has limited power over policy issues regarding these funds and receives a remuneration for managing these funds. Therefore, except for FMO’s equity share in MASSIF, the funds’ assets, results and liabilities are not included in the annual accounts.
In 2016 the EDFI Management Company (of which FMO is one of the shareholders together with the other EDFIs) has been established in Brussels to manage EC funding for the Electri-FI global facility. In 2018 the Agri-FI investment facility as well as the Electri-FI Country Windows investment facility have been added. FMO, as accredited entity for the EC, acts as delegatee (contractee) for the EC and has sub-delegated all operational activities related to Electri-FI/Agri-FI and Electri-FI Country Windows to the EDFIMC. In the course of 2019 EDFIMC expects to obtain EC-accreditation and take over FMO’s contractee-role.
FMO has received funds from the EU, USAID and the Dutch Government with the purpose to invest directly in Climate Investor One, a facility raised by FMO and managed by Climate Fund Managers (CFM) in 2016 . Climate Investor One (CIO) is a blended finance, capital-recycling facility mandated with delivering renewable energy infrastructure projects in emerging markets through its contribution to each phase of a project's lifecycle. Climate Investor One will create sustainable positive impact on the environment and communities of developing countries.
In December 2018, the EC approved up to EUR 75 million in guarantees and signed the contract for risk sharing facility NASIRA. The facility uses guarantees to allow banks to on-lend to underserved entrepreneurs within the European neighborhood and Sub-Saharan Africa. It targets portfolios consisting of loans of young, female and migrant entrepreneurs including refugees, returnees and internally displaced people. The goal of these guarantees is to allow local banks to provide loans to groups they perceive as too risky. Risk sharing reduces the perceived and real risks of lending to vulnerable and underserved parts of the population and enables financing for people who want to grow their business.