2 Basis of preparation and changes to accounting policies
2.1 Basis of preparation
These 2022 condensed consolidated interim accounts as at June 30, 2022 have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34 in the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).
The accounting policies, presentation and methods of computation are consistent with those applied in the preparation of FMO’s consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2021. The consolidated interim accounts do not include all the information and disclosures that are required for the consolidated annual accounts and should be read in conjunction with FMO’s consolidated annual accounts as at December 31, 2021.
2.2 Group accounting and consolidation
The company accounts of FMO and the company accounts of the subsidiaries Asia Participations B.V., FMO Investment Management B.V. , Equis DFI Feeder L.P. and FMO Representative Office LAC Limitada are consolidated in these interim accounts. FMO Representative Office LAC Limitada was incorporate during first half of 2022 and is FMO's representative entity in Costa Rica. This subsidiary is 100% owned by FMO. The consolidation of this entity does not have a material impact on FMO's balance sheet or FMO's current business activities. Nedlinx B.V. was liquidated during the first half of 2022 and is no longer part of the consolidation structure of FMO's consolidated accounts. The subsidiary was 100% owned by FMO. The event of liquidation of this entity does not have a material impact on FMO's balance sheet or FMO's current business activities.
The activities of Asia Participations B.V. and Equis DFI Feeder L.P. consist of providing equity capital to companies in developing countries. FMO Investment Management B.V. carries out portfolio management activities for third party investment funds, which are invested in FMO’s transactions in emerging and developing markets. FMO has a 63% stake in Equis DFI Feeder L.P. and all other subsidiaries are 100% owned by FMO.
2.3 Foreign currency translation
FMO uses the euro as the unit for presenting its annual accounts and interim reports. All amounts are denominated in thousands of euros unless stated otherwise. FMO uses the euro as the functional currency.
2.4 Adoption of new standards, interpretations and amendments
The accounting policies adopted in the preparation of the interim condensed consolidated financial statements are consistent with those followed in the preparation of FMO’s annual consolidated financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2021, except for the adoption of new standards effective as of January 1, 2022. FMO has not early adopted any other standard, interpretation or amendment that has been issued but is not yet effective. The following standards, amendments to published standards and interpretations were adopted in the current year.
Amendments to IFRS 3 - Reference to the Conceptual Framework
The amendments to IFRS 3 update the reference to the 2018 Conceptual Framework, as well as making reference to IAS 37 when determining whether a present obligation exists as a part of an acquisition. In addition, IFRS 3 now explicitly states contingent assets acquired in a business combination are not recognised. The amendments are effective for business combinations entered into on or after 1 January 2022. This did not have a material impact on FMO's treatment of business combinations.
Amendments to IAS 16 - Property, Plant and Equipment - Proceeds before Intended Use
The amendments prohibit deducting from the cost of an item of property, plant and equipment any proceeds from selling items produced before that asset is available for use. The amendments are effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2022 and are applied retrospectively. Given the nature of FMO's property, plant and equipment, this amendment did not have an impact on the accounting treatment of these items.
Amendments to IAS 37 - Onerous Contracts
The amendments provide clarity on which costs an entity considers in assessing whether a contract is onerous. The amendments are effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2022 and to contracts for which the entity has not yet fulfilled all its obligations at the beginning of the annual reporting period in which the entity first applies the amendments. There are currently no contracts which had been impacted by the amendments.
Annual Improvements 2018-2020
Subsidiary as a First-Time Adopter (IFRS 1)
IFRS 1 allows subsidiaries that become a first-time adopter later than its parent to measure its assets and liabilities at the carrying amounts that would be included in the parent’s consolidated financial statements. The amendment extends this relief to the cumulative translation differences for foreign operations. The amendment is effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2022. The amendment did not have an impact on the consolidated financial statements of FMO.
Fees in the ‘10 per cent’ Test for Derecognition of Financial Liabilities (IFRS 9)
When considering the derecognition of a financial liability, IFRS 9 indicates that the terms of the instrument are deemed to be substantially different (and therefore qualify for derecognition) if the discounted present value of the remaining cash flows under the new terms are at least 10 per cent different from the discounted present value of the remaining cash flows of the original financial liability (‘10 per cent’ test). The amendment clarifies which fees an entity should include when applying the ‘10 per cent’ test. The amendment is effective for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2022 and did not have an impact on the accounting treatment for derecognition of financial liabilities.
Lease Incentives (IFRS 16)
The amendment removes an illustrative example on the reimbursement of leasehold improvements and did not have an impact on how FMO accounts for leases.
Taxation in fair value measurements (IAS 41)
The amendment removes the requirement for entities to exclude tax related cash flows when measuring the fair value of assets in the scope of IAS 41. The amendments apply to the financial period beginning 1 January 2022 and did not have an impact on the FMO consolidated financial statements.
2.5 Standards issued but not yet effective
Other significant standards issued, but not yet endorsed by the European Union and not yet effective up to the date of issuance of FMO’s Interim Report 2022, are listed below.
IFRS 17 Insurance Contracts
In May 2017, the IASB issued IFRS 17, a comprehensive new accounting standard for insurance contracts covering recognition and measurement, presentation and disclosure. Once effective, IFRS 17 will replace IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts. In June 2020 IFRS 17 was amended whereby the effective date was extended to financial periods beginning on or after January 1, 2023. This standard does not have an impact on FMO.
Amendments to IAS 1 - Classification of Liabilities as Current or Non-Current
These amendments affect the presentation of liabilities in the statement of financial position. They clarify the considerations that determine whether a liability should be classified as current or non-current. The amendments are not expected to have a material impact on how FMO classifies liabilities in the statement of financial position. The amendments are effective from 1 January 2023 and are applied retrospectively.
Disclosure of Accounting Policies - Amendments to IAS 1 and IFRS Practice Statement 2
Amendments to IAS 1 and IFRS Practice Statement 2 Making Materiality Judgements, provide guidance and examples to help entities apply materiality judgements to accounting policy disclosures. The amendments aim to help entities provide accounting policy disclosures that are more useful. The amendments are effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2023. The amendments are not expected to change the way FMO applies materiality judgements.
Definition of Accounting Estimates - Amendments to IAS 8
In February 2021, the IASB issued amendments to IAS 8, in which it introduces a new definition of ‘accounting estimates’. The amendments clarify the distinction between changes in accounting estimates and changes in accounting policies and the correction of errors. The amendments are effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2023. The amendments are not expected to have a material impact on FMO and will be considered for judgement purposes, when changes are to be applied in a reporting period.
Amendments to IAS 12 - Deferred Tax related to Assets and Liabilities arising from a Single Transaction
The amendments clarify the application of the initial recognition exemption provided in IAS 12. The initial recognition exemption does not apply to transactions in which equal amounts of deductible and taxable temporary differences arise on initial recognition. The amendments are effective for annual reporting periods beginning on or after 1 January 2023. An entity applies the amendments to transactions that occur on or after the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented. The amendments are not expected to have a material impact for FMO.
2.6 Estimates and assumptions
In preparing the condensed consolidated interim accounts in conformity with IAS 34, management is required to make estimates and assumptions affected reported income, expenses, assets, liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. The same methods for making estimates and assumptions have been followed in the condensed consolidated interim accounts as were applied in the preparation of FMO’s consolidated annual accounts as at December 31, 2021.
2.7 Segment Reporting
The operating segments are reported in a manner consistent with internal reporting to FMO’s chief operating decision maker. The chief operating decision maker who is responsible for allocating resources and assessing performance of the operating segments, has been identified as the Management Board. FMO presents its operating segments based on servicing unit. Reference is made to the Segment Information note for more details on operating segments.