The 2022 financial statements of Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (hereafter referred to as ‘FMO’ or ‘the company’) were prepared by the members of the Management Board and signed by all members of the Management Board and the Supervisory Board on March 16, 2023 and will be submitted for adoption by the General Meeting of Shareholders on April 26, 2023.
FMO was incorporated in 1970 as a public limited company with 51 percent of shares held by the Dutch Government and 49 percent held by commercial banks, state unions and other members of the private sector. The company is located at Anna van Saksenlaan 71, 2593 HW The Hague, The Netherlands and is registered under ID 27078545 in the Chamber of Commerce. FMO finances activities in developing countries to stimulate private sector development. In addition, FMO provides services in relation to government funds and programs.
Financing and investing activities
FMO is the Dutch entrepreneurial development bank. We support sustainable private sector growth in developing and emerging markets by investing in ambitious entrepreneurs. We specialize in sectors where our contribution can have the highest long-term impact: financial institutions, energy and agribusiness, food and water.
FMO’s main activity consists of providing loans, guarantees and equity capital to the private sector in developing countries. Furthermore, FMO offers institutional investors access to its expertise in responsible emerging markets investing through its subsidiary FMO Investment Management B.V.
A minor part of the investment financing is guaranteed by the Dutch Government under the Faciliteit Opkomende Markten (FOM), in which FMO itself participates as a 5 percent to 20 percent risk partner. Any losses to be claimed under the guarantee are reported under ‘Other receivables’.
We arrange syndicated loans to mobilize funds, by bringing together investors – commercial banks and other development finance institutions (DFIs) - with FMO for structuring these transactions. This enables us to provide our customers with increased access to finance and more diversified lending, while giving our financial partners efficient opportunities to enter new markets.
Commercial fund management
FMO's subsidiary, FMO Investment Management B.V. (FMO IM), works with third party investment funds, which participate in FMO’s transactions in emerging market and developing economies. Through these funds, FMO IM offers investors access to our expertise in responsible emerging market investing.
Services in relation to government and public funding
Apart from financing activities from its own resources, FMO provides loans, guarantees and equity capital from government funding, within the conditions and objectives stipulated in the agreements. The Dutch Government funding consists of subsidies provided under the General Administrative Law Act regarding MASSIF, Access to Energy Fund (AEF), Building Prospects, Capacity Development Program (CD) and Dutch Fund for Climate and Development (DFCD). In addition, funding is provided by the UK Government for Mobilising Finance for Forests (MFF).
FMO incurs a risk in MASSIF as it has an equity share of 2.16 percent (2021: 2.16 percent ). With respect to the remaining interest in MASSIF, and the full risk in the other government programs, FMO has a contractual right and obligation to settle the results arising from the programs’ activities with the Dutch Government. The economic risks related to these funds are predominantly taken by the Dutch Government, and FMO has limited control over policy issues regarding these funds. FMO receives a remuneration fee for managing these funds. Therefore, with the exception of FMO’s equity share in MASSIF, the fund's assets, results and liabilities are not included in the financial statements.
The European Development Financial Institutions (EDFI) Management Company (of which FMO is one of the shareholders together with the other EDFIs) was established in Brussels to manage European Commission (EC) funding for the Electri-FI global facility, the Agri-FI investment facility and the Electri-FI Country. FMO, as accredited entity for the EC, acts as the delegate (contractee) for the EC and has sub-delegated all operational activities related to these facilities to the EDFI Management Company.
FMO is accredited by Green Climate Fund (GCF) and capitalizes on FMO's experience in mobilizing and enabling the private sector in developing countries towards low-emission and climate-resilient investments. FMO has received funds from the EU, USAID and the Dutch Government to invest directly in Climate Investor One (CIO), a facility raised by FMO and managed by Climate Fund Managers (CFM). CIO and the follow up Climate Investor Two (CI2) are blended finance, capital-recycling facilities mandated with delivering renewable energy infrastructure projects in emerging markets that contributes to each phase of a project's lifecycle.
The EC and FMO have an agreement for risk sharing facility NASIRA for an amount of €100 million. The facility uses guarantees to allow banks to on-lend to underserved entrepreneurs within the European Neighborhood and Sub-Saharan Africa. The guarantees are split into a loss-sharing hierarchy that is allocated between the issuing bank, the EC and FMO. The goal of these guarantees is to allow local banks to provide loans to groups they perceive as too risky.
The EC has provided €40 million in guarantees to FMO Venture Program, which aims to invest €200 million in both fund and direct investments in Africa, the European Neighborhood and Asia (excluding China). In addition to equity investments, the program will also have a dedicated technical assistance program, for which the EC is providing €6.5 million, to support investees of FMO Ventures Program and promote the development of local venture capital ecosystems.
In 2021, Mobilising Finance for Forests (MFF) was established by the UK government as a blended finance investment program to combat deforestation and other environmentally unsustainable land use practices contributing to global climate change. Through MFF, FMO has been appointed by the UK government to invest up to £150 million across a mix of investment funds and direct investments in tropical forest regions in Africa, Asia and Latin America.